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Merry Christmas and Happy New year

Who likes the Egyptian Bread ?

Bread made from a simple recipe forms the backbone of Egyptian cuisine. It is consumed at almost all Egyptian meals; a working-class or rural Egyptian meal might consist of little more than bread and beans.
The local bread is a form of hearty, thick, glutenous pita bread called Eish Masri
In modern Egypt, the government subsidizes bread, dating back to a Nasser-era policy. In 2008, a major food crisis caused ever-longer bread lines at government-subsidized bakeries where there would normally be none; occasional fights broke out over bread, leading to fear of rioting.
Egyptian dissidents and outside observers of the former National Democratic Party regime frequently criticized the bread subsidy as an attempt to buy off the Egyptian urban working classes in order to encourage acceptance of the authoritarian system; nevertheless, the subsidy continued after the 2011 revolution.
A street breakfast in Egypt
On a culinary level, bread is commonly used as Gamosa, a utensil, at th…

Dendera A woman giving birth

A woman giving birth and being helped by Hathor and Taweret (Temple of Hathor, Dendera)
A typical birthing scene would have women reciting incantations to the Seven Hathors who presided over the birth, and who would predict the nature of the child´s death. A child born on the twenty-third of the month would be killed by a crocodile; on the fourth by fever; on the fifth by love. Lucky children were born on the ninth day of the second month of Akhet - they would die of old age. Even luckier were those born on the twenty-ninth day of the same month: they would die ´well-respected´. 
But if the baby were to live at all, and most didn´t survive infancy, it would need to be protected from want and disease; a protection which only material well-being, however modest, could supply

Nefertari The Seven Hathors

The Seven Hathors
In the tomb of Nefertari (Dynasty XIX) and in the Book of the Dead, the Goddess Hathor is depicted as seven cows whose role is to determine the destiny of a child at birth. Each of these different aspects of the Goddess as her own name:
i/   Lady of the universe.
ii/   Sky-storm.
iii/   You from the land of silence.
iv/   You from Khemmis.
v/    Red-hair.
vi/   Bright red.
vii/   Your name flourishes through skill.
Several alternative names for the seven Hathors has been found in papyri concerning Mythology, these are:
i   Lady of the House of Jubliation.
ii + iii   Mistress of the West.
iv + v   Mistress of the East.
vi + vii   Ladies of the sacred land.

Dendera The Eye Of Re

The Eye Of Re
"There came a time when the people began to drift away from the worship of the God. Re, in vengeance, sent his daughter, Hathor, in the form of a lion, to punish mankind. Sent out by Re, in the form of a large all seeing eye, to watch over mankind,
After a time, Re decided that mankind had suffered enough and ordered Hathor to return, she, being sated with blood lust refused. The Sun God ordered a vast quantity of beer to be made, coloured with red ochre, which was then poured into the field where Hathor-Sakhmet lay sleeping. On waking, Hathor seeing the fields reddened with what she thought was blood, began to gorge herself, falling into an intoxicated stupor, Re was able to return her.
To mark the occasion, so that mankind would not forget their narrow escape from annihilation, Re ordered a festival to be held each year in Hathor's honour."
Hathor, was probably the origin of the concept of the 'evil eye'. The Ankh, is thought to …

Dendera The birth of Osiris

The birth ofOsiris
Osiriswas bornin Thebesinhuman formandcame out ofhis mother's womb {Nut) goddess of skyon the first dayof the epagonamal days
Osiriswas the Masterof everythingthat cameto light
The birth ofOsiriswasin Thebesandwasin the temples ofKarnak.his birthday was celebrated every year in the temple of his Mother during the Opt festival
According to the myth Osiris was born in Thebes in the first day of the epagonmal days ,hr wr in the second day in Qus  ,Seth in the third day in ombos ,Isis in Dendera and finally Nephtis in in Dios polis
TheBirthof  Osirishas beenrepresentedin thescenesandinscriptionsof one of the rooms of the roof ofthe famousTempleof Dandara Osiris was represented in  thefetalpositioninsidehis mother's womb like an embryo in the womb of his mother as he preparedto go outinto the world ,,,
it is one of the most famous scenes that had to be represented in the festivals celebrating the reincarnation of god Osirisandeverlastingeternity, 

the inscriptions in …

Edfu temple and the Sacred Drama of horus

The sacred drama is to be performed during the ritual celebrations in honor of the Triumph of Horus over Seth It consists of a prologue, three Acts (three parts), and an epilogue: The Prologue of the Sacred Drama: Description of the scene
-Isis wears the Sun-disk Crown with cow’s horns and the hieroglyph of Her name is above it; in Her left hand She holds the Ankh (the symbol of Life).
-Horus wears the “Pschent”, the Double Crown; the God holds an harpoon and a rope in His right hand, and the Ankh in His left.
-Thoth wears an Atef Crown with ram’s horns; the God recites from a papyrus.
-On the barque :
Horus wears the “Pschent” Crown, and with the rope in His left hand and the harpoon in His right hand He spears the hippo/Seth.
Isis wears the Sun-disk Crown with cow’s horns, and in Her left hand She holds the Ankh.
Behind Isis there is a representation of Horus-Khenty-Khety (Horus of Kem-Ur/Athribis, the capital of the X nome of Lower Egypt, the Athribite nome)
-the King wears the Hemhe…

philae and the tomb of osiris

the island of Bigeh (Biggeh, Biga), located just to the south of new Philae and a little to the west of the original island. By the start of the Graeco-Roman Period, this site had come to be viewed as both the tomb of Osiris and the source of the Nile, which was believed to issue from a cavern deep beneath the island. A special sanctuary was built there in ancient times, but the area was prohibited to people and thus became known in Greek as the Abaton, or "forbidden place". According to legend, the left leg of Osiris was buried here after his body had been cut up by his brother Seth. The burial place on Bigeh was said to be surrounded by 365 altars on which the priests laid daily offerings of milk. Although originally of greater religious importance than nearby Philae, Bigeh thus remained outside the normal development cycle of temple building and growth, so it was Philae that was developed instead. The remains of the small temple at Bigeh are on the eastern…

Wadi el Gharbi and Tomb of Herihor

Wadi el Gharbi; a large valley to the south of Wadi el Sikkat and the unfinished tomb of Hatshepsut. In addition to a number of well trodden ancient pathways, connecting this part with surrounding valleys in the Theban Mountains, Wadi el Gharbi contains several textual and pictorial graffiti, ancient excavations with debris heaps, pottery shards, smaller structures of stacked stone, and areas of limestone and flint chippings; all of which indicate some form of ancient activity (tombs, stations, smaller settlement, etc.). Red bricks combined with pottery fragments suggest a continuation of activity also into the Graeco-Roman and early Coptic periods. In spite of local tomb robbers’ insistent attempts, however, no tomb has been found to this day. This fact combined with the valley’s remoteness and rather difficult terrain still leave archaeologists without any firm evidence of why the ancients came here.




















NEW DISCOVERY IN EGYPT OF THUTMOSESS III TEMPLE NEAR GIZA

The temple is more likely belongs to Thutmose III and an excavation project will start to continue the work in the site. The discovery is a result of illicit dig by someone under his house. We have to mention that it is not the first attempt to be foiled by the authorities in the same area in the past year. It is the third time th at we know of. Previous illicit digs produced Middle Kingdom stele and pottery. 
The Tourism and Antiquities police has been working with a committee from Giza Antiquities for 3 days at the site to lower the ground water level and they managed to find 7 stelas, remains of pink granite columns bases as well as a pink granite statue was submerged under the underground water. The statue represents a seated person of 2.5 meters height and the arms are broken of the statue. The statute was moved to Sakkara warehouse for cleaning and restoration.

Pharaohs arrived in Australia before 2500

A team ofEgyptian scientists specialist inhieroglyphsandpharaonic historysucceededin discoveringhieroglyphicinscriptionsinAustralia, whichis likely tohave crossedthe borders ofthe Pharaohsand arrived inthe Middle Eastbeyond theheadwaters of the Nileand were able todiscoverthe new worldArrivingtoAustralia.-

the teamstressed that theinscriptionsthat have been discoveredina forestin "Gosford"onthe east coast ofAustraliaandit isan original, written inhieroglyphicsalmost2,500 years ago.

Theexperts confirmedthat thediscoveryincludes300originalhieroglyphicinscriptioncovered, includingthe formulation andmethodofthe ancient Egyptiansusedto use it.There are somemethods usedthat have not beendocumentedbefore 2012.

Two Must Attend Events in Egypt this October

Celebrating 110 years on the Discovery of Nefertari’s Tomb in Luxor*
In commemoration of the Discovery of Queen Nefertari’s Tomb the civil aviation ministry and the tourism authority in collaboration with the Italian Embassy in Egypt are organizing a 10 days celebration from October 15th till October 25th at the Valley of Queens in Luxor.
Nefertari’s tomb is the largest and most impressive at the Valley of Queens. Queen Nefertari was one of Ramses II’s wives, and one of the best known queens next to Cleopatra, Nefertiti & Hatshepsut. Ramses II has also built a temple next to his in Abu Simbel for his beloved wife.
Other than the 10 days celebration, two photo exhibitions will be hosted at the Luxor Exhibition Center & at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
In fact this is one of the best times to visit Luxor, as it’s not steaming hot anymore, and it’s known as the world’s biggest open air museum, so get ready for a trip back in time.
Book here  your cheap flights to …

The longest ruling female in the ancient world "Queen Hatshepsut"

Before she was erased from history, Hatshepsut had been both queen and king of Egypt.  Hat-who? Was what? We’ve heard of pharaohs and Cleopatra but who was Hatshepsut, how could she be both king and queen of Egypt?

She was king in Egypt’s 18th dynasty, nearly 3,500 years ago. Daughter of King Thutmose I, she married her half-brother (a common practice in Egyptian royal lineage) but as King Thutmose II’s queen, had no power of her own. When he died early in his reign, the crown prince Thutmose III, a mere toddler (not her son) was designated successor.
Hapshetsut was the daughter of a highly successful king; raised in the royal house she may have learned how to play Egypt’s political game expertly. As the highest priestess of the highest god, she may have understood how to pull the religious levers of Egyptian society. When the child king was to be crowned, Hapshetsut was perfectly positioned to be his “co-regent,” ruling both on his behalf and on her own, a delicate balanc…