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Showing posts from February 2, 2012

Hatshepsut in the presence of Medinet Habu Temple

History of the small temple of Amun

However, excavations of the Oriental Institute, University of Chicago (directed by U. Hölscher),  during the thirties of the last century suggest that the small temple of Amun (blue frame) erected by Hatshepsut and Thutmosis III had replaced older buildings which were probably raised during the Middle Kingdom.
According to Hölscher these investigations show that at least the foundations of two earlier buildings lay beneath the eastern part of the temple which was built by Hatschepsut and Thutmosis III with several alterations of its original plan.
Furthermore, Hölscher (1930) could prove that stone blocks from an elder construction had been re-used in the temple erected in the 18th Dynasty.

The drawing above shows the floor plan of the "earliest" building as reconstructed by Hölscher (1930). From the "earliest" chapel or the platform on which it had been erected, only few of the lowest foundation stones of the west side have bee…

Medinet Habu

Colored Columns Medinet Habu is the modern name of the area where Ramses III built his mortuary temple.  Ramses III ruled Egypt for 31 years (c. 1183-1153 B.C.).  Medina means “city,” and Habu is the actual name of the city.  It is thus “Habu City.”  One straight axis runs through the temple, but originally there were a number of gates.  The entire temple would have been roofed in antiquity.
Counting Hands Soldiers were often rewarded based on how many men they killed in battle.  To prove their valor, these warriors would present the hands of those they had killed.  In some of the autobiographies that the soldiers left in their tombs, they would claim to have participated in a certain campaign and have “presented so many hands” to pharaoh.  In return they were often given slaves or a medal of honor. A similar type of accounting is presented in 1 Samuel 18:27. Depiction…