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Showing posts from November 11, 2012

About Deir el Medina ,Valley of the Workers

The workers stayed at the tombs for 10 days and then returned to their families here in the village.The village of the workers housed the masons, artists, and sculptors who worked on the tombs in the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens. The men working on the tombs were not slaves -- they were government workers who were paid well and provided with supplies and food.They were not allowed to have contact with the people on the east bank -- and were in fact prevented from leaving the village here because they knew the secrets of the tombs. , Their families lived here in the village with them. These were often hereditary positions, so generation after generation of workers lived here.
The tiny houses often had stairs to the roof, although it is hard to imagine what this village looked like, Narrow streets -- some of them only 2-3 feet wide -- wind through the maze like collection of houses.
Just up the hill from the small village is a hillside where the workers buil…

Ramesseum--the Mortuary Temple of Ramses II

Were it still standing, the Ozymandias colossus of Ramses (celebrated by poet Percy Bysshe Shelley in his sonnet "Ozymandias") would tower 20 meters above the ground, rivaling the Colossi of Memnon and the statues of Ramses carved into the mountain at Abu Simbel.  The name "Ramesseum" – or at least its French form, Rhamesséion – was coined by Jean-François Champollion, who visited the ruins of the site in 1829 and first identified the hieroglyphs making up Ramses' names and titles on the walls.
 The design of Ramses's mortuary temple follows the standard designs of New Kingdom temple architecture. The main building, dedicated to the funerary cult, comprised two stone pylons (gateways, some 60 m wide), one after the other, each leading into a courtyard. Beyond the second courtyard, at the center of the complex, was a covered 48-column hypostyle hall, surrounding the inner sanctuary.  As is customary, the pylons and outer walls were decorated with re…