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Showing posts from August, 2015

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes - Luxor - Egypt

Rekhmire was seated at the end of the wall, facing left. This has been completely effaced and the area where he was covered with red paint; we recognize the faint trace at his feet as a goose of Amun . Above him is a short text informs us that Rekhmire is "in session to  judge
between the poor and the rich in the same way,

Rekhmire stood in a large room whose columns are inscribed halfway up with the name of Thutmose - Menkheperre "beloved of Maat".

The artist has separated the people admitted in the courtroom from those outside 

Before the vizier are four mats each supporting ten elongated objects. One thinks, of course, of the 40 leather rolls bearing the text of the laws or these are the  batons of authority which serve the assessors.

The Grandees of the Southern Ten are placed before him on the right and left, with as many scribes, 40 people in total. If the petitioners are treated with respect by the ushers in and out of the room, it is not the same for thos…

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes -Luxor - Egypt

a large inscription of 45 lines, damaged by numerous pieces falling off: which gives the autobiography of the Vizier
It was written in hieroglyphics from a hieratic original.

His Duties

Order of Precedence
When a person speaks to another, it must be done according to their social level (literally: when one (person) that addresses another (person) it must be (done) with every man according to his rank.

Reports about warehouses
He will report the sealing of warehouses and their opening at the right time. He will report on everything that enters into or leaves the territory of the Residence, when they come in and they go out,

Protocol for interviews with the King

Judgment of a dishonest magistrate

Do not allow any magistrate to have power over a decision (made) in his office. If a complaint happens against one of the judges who is in his office, he (the Vizier) will ensure that this leads the judge into the courtroom. It is the Vizier who must punish (him) according to his crime. D…

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes -Luxor - Egypt

monkeys, a basket of skins (top right), two bundles of reed arrows, a bag with? Ten peculiar pieces of wood, products of the nebes tree: ten arches made of its wood, three skins filled with a fruit paste and two baskets containing cakes made with those same fruits.

Register 2 ( more nebes tree fruit, a basket of "skins", pigeons in cages

Register 3  : this time there are boxes full of textiles, gold and silver rings

 (these are white,  et des colliers comportant des perles d'or.
and collars having gold beads

Register 4  : the stack of objects is replaced by a balance with which precious metals are being weighed. A scribe carefully notes the results. The scene is very damaged.

Register 5 : is in very poor condition. Davies describes bags, reed mats, cordage and ten millstone wheels made of hard red stone.

 Note that there are no fish, goats or pigs shown (not food of the elite) and that the only birds represented are pigeons

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes-Luxor -Egypt

The tax collectors are placed to the right of the registers, separated from the payers by stacks of contributions

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes-Luxor -Egypt

processions that are bringing to the Vizier produce of the cities south and and north of Thebes (regions called "The head of Upper Egypt", which reach from Elephantine to Assiut)

 These regions, north and south, comprise of 40 tax districts each (a total of 80). Each of the 80 district officials brings its contribution, livestock, agricultural and other products, but also frequently in rings or necklaces of gold and silver

  its contribution in precious metals expressed in deben (1 deben = 91g)

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes-Luxor -Egypt

The transverse hall is divided into two wings, north (right as you enter, by the entrance door . The south wing contains the most interesting elements:
the text upon the Duties of the Vizier, a ‘Vizier Investiture’ text by Thutmose III, as well as scenes of tribute arriving from foreign nations. In the north wing there are more traditional scenes of hunting and fishing, as well as the genealogy of the Vizier.

 The tops of the walls are occupied by the classical frieze pattern khakerou, while at their base runs a band consisting of two yellow and red bands bordered by black lines, below comes an empty space that goes down to the ground. 

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes-Luxor -Egypt

Door frames and ceilings
1)- The inside of the front door

Lintel and jambs carry traditional prayers to Re-Horakhty, Amon-Ra, Thoth and Osiris.

2)- The door between the transverse and longitudinal rooms

The lintel bears an invocatory offering to twelve deities, those on the left representing the forms of Osiris

These are "Amon-Ra, Lord of the Thrones of the Two Lands in Karnak", "Anubis, who is upon his hill, Lord of To-djeser", "Re-Horakhty in heaven", "Osiris in Orion of the southern sky", "Hathor, Regent of Thebes in Karnak",

"Thoth, at the head of Igeret", "Osiris Lord of Life", "Osiris Onnuris", "Osiris, who is Gold of Millions", "Osiris, Lord of Eternity", "Osiris of the places of life", 

"Osiris, Lord of Eternity", "Osiris of the places of life", "Osiris at the head of Tenenet in Tenenet". The six prayers on the jambs are made to Mut, Re-At…

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes-Luxor -Egypt

Rekhmire ("wise, like Ra")
Neferuben (His Father)
Bet (His Mother)
Meryt (His Wife)

TT100, the tomb of REKHMIRE at Thebes -Luxor-Egypt

A second entrance can be seen in the facade :
it is the work of an intruder who installed  his burial in the chapel, badly damaging in this way the text on the Duties of the Vizier

in 1940 a so-called restoration brushed large wall areas that did not need it with white plaster; a scandal roundly denounced by Norman de Garis Davies.

Mummy of boy king Tutankhamun to remain in Valley of the Kings

After much debate, the decision has been reached not to move the mummy of the boy king Tutankhamun to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The mummy will remain in the Valley of the Kings on the Nile's west bank near Luxor.
Antiquities minister Mamdouh Eldamaty told Ahram Online that after technical discussions and a prolonged study the ministry has decided to keep the mummy inside the tomb, not in its current location at the tomb's entrance hall, but in a side chamber. This chamber, Eldamaty explained, will be restored by the Getty Foundation, and a new lighting set-up will lend a mysterious atmosphere to the mummy's new home. The mummy, he continued, will have a sophisticated showcase equipped with state of the art preservation devices. "Putting the mummy back inside its original sarcophagus is off the cards," said Eldamaty. He said that the atmosphere inside the sarcophagus is no longer suitable, and that it would make the mummy's periodic examination too complic…

sand bath is a natural therapy with powers to cure many medical conditions

In the searing heat of summer in western Egypt, at the hottest time of the day, sufferers of rheumatism, joint pain, infertility or impotence lie buried neck-deep in the sand of Siwa near Dakrour Mountain. Locals say taking a sand bath is a natural therapy with powers to cure many medical conditions. Patients relax in the shade before treatment, which includes massages by the feet of health workers after they submerge their patients up to their neck in the desert. Patients drink mint tea in tents following the treatment.

The Hidden Cachet of Deir Elbahari Temple and Abd Rassul Family

At the time of its excavation, the cache contained 40 mummies, belonging to New Kingdom royalty, members of the priestly families of the Third Intermediate Period, and unidentified private individuals. Several of the mummies and coffins bore inscriptions recording their movement between various burial sites. Dockets on the coffins of Ramesses I, Seti I, and Ramesses II indicate that during the reign of Pinedjem I (ca. 1070-1032 BC) these coffins had been hidden in the tomb of Queen Ahmose-Inhapi. According to these texts, the mummies found packed into the entryway of DB 320 had been reburied there during the early 22nd Dynasty (ca. 930 BC). The tomb actually belonged to the family of Pinedjem II, the High Priest of Amun, whose intact burial equipment filled the inner chamber. When the royal cache was opened in 1881, a coffin with the name of Ramesses I was found, though it contained nothing but loose bandages. The coffin was clearly a replacement for the original which was probably da…