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Showing posts from April 3, 2011

Domesticated in the Delta since pre-dynastic times - although some traces already appear in the Neolithic cultures - from the wild pig, a species which easily becomes tame (Brunner-Traut, 1975: 1123), the Egyptian pig has a back covered with hard, bristly silks, the slender legs and a very elongated snout. Its breed seems to be between that of the boar and that of the present pig. It lived either in wild herds in the human environment, or in tame herds, or in small standard groups "pig farm" owned by families.
Even though it is represented to a small degree on the walls of chapels, some tombs in Beni Hassan, in El Kab (Renni and Setau and in Thebes, it is completely absent of the vestiges of funerary meals which are found there. It is, nevertheless, considered as an animal for slaughter, and it is indeed fou…


was the Viceroy of Kush in the second half of Ramesses II's reign.Setau served in this position from Year 38 until at least Year 63 of Ramesses II's reign. Setau was "a graduate of the royal school" and already enjoyed an impressive record of royal service which is detailed in a long autobiographical inscription carved at Wadi es-Sebua. The temple of Wadi es-Sebua was built for Ramesses II by Setau around 1236 BC or Year 44 of this pharaoh's reign. Eleven of his stela, now in the Cairo Museum, were found in the courtyard of this temple and make it possible to establish his career and understand the precise duties of a viceroy. Setau states:

I was one whom his Lord caused to a ward of the palace. I grew up in the royal abode when I was a youth...I was provided for with bread and beer from all the royal meals. I came forth as a scribe from the school, I was appointed to be…

EL KAB THE TOMB OF RENNI son of Sobek-Hotep

one of the rare Egyptian tombs which dates from the reign of Amenhotep I. From a decorative view point, one feels here the influence of the end of the Middle Kingdom, the cannon of the New Kingdom not yet being completely in place.
The tomb  has been known since at least the time of the French "Expédition d'Égypte", as testified by the plate below, taken from: "Description de l'Égypte"

*In 1801, W.R. Hamilton published in Aegyptiaca, the scene of the opening of the mouth.
*Champollion mentioned the tomb in his Notes  and in his Monuments and published the inscription on the stock-taking of livestock.
*Brugsh did the same, he also described the demotic graffiti.
*Lieblein, in the Namenwôrterbuch  publish several of the proper names.
On the other hand the tomb of Renni is hardly mentioned in the famous Urkunden, occupying only a half page in…