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Showing posts from January 26, 2017

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles -luxor -thebes

The ceiling 
The soffit/ceiling  is original: instead of the usual geometric pattern, it is decorated with flying birds, with their wings expanded, on a yellow background. The birds are light blue, with traces of white and red legs. The entry of the tombs, not being tightly closed, made it possible that the theme was about a simple transposition of the reality, but the idea of a link with the Ba-bird ("the soul" of the deceased) leaving the tomb to go out into the day, was certainly not displeasing to Khonsu, who made two of these unusual ceiling images, containing flying birds, in his tomb. The panel is surrounded by a chequered border of blue, red, blue and green squares.

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles -luxor -thebes

Entrance, north wall (right) 



Only the top of the bodies of three characters have survived. This time they face towards the inside of the tomb.
Again the first is Khonsu, whose shaven skull reveals the priestly function. The names of those who follow him are lost, but, considering the scene which faces it on the south wall, it can be supposed that the lady is again Tauseret, the mother of Khonsu, represented as on the other wall, and that she is followed by the son, Usermontu. This time the text above the characters refers to the time of the setting of the sun:

"An adoration of Re when he sets on the western horizon of heaven, that they (sic) may give me a happy existence in the necropolis, going in and coming forth from the earth for eternity, and that his soul is not withheld from its desire (?). For the Ka of the high-priest of Menkheperre, [Khonsu]."

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles -luxor -thebes

1) - Entrance, south wall (left) 

the upper half of the bodies of four characters who are turned towards the outside, seeming to leave the tomb.
1- At the front, left, isKhonsu, who wears the panther skin over his tunic with sleeves. . He has his two arms raised, palms forwards, in worship. Above, is the remains of the text of a solar hymn: "[An adoration of Re] when he arises on the eastern horizon... [by the high-]priest of the lord [of the Two Lands] Men[kheperre] (Thutmosis III), Khonsu, born of the mistress of the house, Tauseret."

2- Standing behind Khonsu is "His mother, the chantress of Montu, Tauseret". She wears a long wig whose locks are fastened by a ribbon below the ear and on top of the wig is the customary Theban ointment cone, which takes here the shape of a shell. This is supposed to represent a cone of perfumed grease trickling into the hair and onto the dress, caused by the heat, its material reality is put in doubt and numerous people think…

The tomb of Benia in the valley of the nobles

Benia, who is also called Pahekmen, had the titles of ‘Overseer of Works’ and ‘Child of the Nursery’ during mid-Dynasty XVIII. His tomb in the village of Sheikh ‘Abd el-Qurna is grouped close to those of Khonsu and Userhet. It is likely that Benia was brought to Egypt as a child from an Asiatic land (because of his name and the names of his parents), to be brought up in the royal court. This was often the custom during the New Kingdom.
In the entrance to the tomb there are fragments of his names and titles, and a relief of Benia worshipping with a text of the ‘Hymn to Re’. The transverse hall contains the burial shaft on the left-hand side. To the left of the entrance Benia is shown in the usual scenes of offering after which he is seen supervising the weighing of gold and precious items from the treasury, which are then recorded by scribes.
The end wall is a carved stela in the form of a false door which is painted pink to resemble granite, with three rows of figures in …