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Showing posts from January, 2014

Dentistry in Ancient Egypt

The earliest evidence of ancient dentistry we have is an amazingly detailed dental work on a mummy from ancient Egypt that archaeologists have dated to 2000 BCE. The work shows intricate gold work around the teeth. This mummy was found with two donor teeth that had holes drilled into them. Wires were strung through the holes and then around the neighboring teeth.

crowns

The above picture show s the crowns most frequently seen on the monuments. The head-dress formed an important and significant part of the king's royal uniform, and many are the varieties of crown pictured upon tomb and temple walls.

The king can be depicted wearing a number of different head coverings, each corresponding to particular ceremonial situations. The earliest of these to be depicted is a form of tall conical headpiece ending in a bulb.  This is the crown of Upper Egypt or White Crown Hedjet (No. 4), which is seen as early as the time of the Narmer palette (c.3ooo BC). It is sometimes referred to as the Nefer or White Nefer. The Narmer palette also shows the crown of Lower Egypt, or Red Crown Deshret (No. 6) which comprises a tall chair-shaped arrangement from which protrudes a coil. With unification, crowns were combined to become the Two Mighty Ones, the double crown Pschent (No. 7). This crown was a combination of the White Crown of Upper Egypt (No. 4) a…

ramsis the second

This is an image from Lost Technologies in Ancient Egypt. It is the Ramses from the Ramesseum, now in the British Museum. Along with other samples, this image demonstrates the extraordinary precision and symmetry crafted in ancient Egyptian statues.

Osiris

After we finished mummifying Osiris, we put him inside his tomb, next to the sycamore trees he really loved. I know Isis is really going to miss him. She can come visit him in the Duat, though, so it should be okay. ["The Tomb of Osiris, guarded by his sisters in the shade of a sacred tree.

Tattoos in Ancient Egypt

To colour their cheeks the Egyptians used red ochre in a base of fat or Gum-resin. Ochre may have been used as lipstick, and a scene in a papyrus now in Turing shows a woman painting her lips with a brush whilst holding a container in her hand. Henna was used as a colorant, as it is today. It was certainly used to color hair and perhaps also the palms of the hands , soles of the feet and nails, although it has been suggested that the henna-like stain i n these parts of mummies was caused by embalmers' materials. Tattooing was known and practiced by the ancient Egyptians , the earliest direct evident coming from the Middle Kingdom . Mummies of dancers and royal concubines have geometric designs tattooed on their chests, shoulders, armies, abdomens and thighs. In the new Kingdom, dancers, musicians and servants girls occasionally had a tiny representation of the god Bes tattooed on their thighs as a good-luck charm.

santa claus

fashion

Model leading horse and small caravan with the ancient Egyptian Temple of Luxor in the background. She wears a white suit by Evan Picone, hat by Betmar, and sunglasses by Renauld. Date: June 1964 Image: Sante Forlano Location: Luxor, Egypt. A Conde Nast Collection.

In the Eye of the Sun

“I haven't come to you only to take , I haven't come to you empty handed : I bring you poetry as great as yours but in anther tongue , I bring you black eyes and golden skin and curly hair , I bring you Islam and Luxor and Alexandria and Lutes and tambourines and date-palms and silk rugs and sunshine and incense and voluptuous ways”

cats

“Evidence indicates that cats were first tamed in Egypt. The Egyptians stored grain, which attracted rodents, which attracted cats. (No evidence that such a thing happened with the Mayans, though a number of wild cats are native to the area.) I don't think this is accurate. It is certainly not the whole story. Cats didn't start as mousers. Weasels and snakes and dogs are more efficient as rodent-control agents. I postulate that cats started as psychic companions, as Familiars, and have never deviated from this function.”
― William S. Burroughs, The Cat Inside

Ramses I, the search for the lost pharaoh

In the 1980s, German Egyptologist Dr. Arne Eggebrecht visited the Niagara Falls Museum and Daredevil Hall of Fame. Upon seeing this mummy and hearing the story of its purchase in Egypt, he was the first to suggest that the unwrapped body might actually be that of a New Kingdom pharaoh. Eggebrecht's identification was based on knowledge of the history of the royal mummies, and a thorough knowledge of the changes in mummification practices throughout Egyptian history.

Many Egyptologists have commented on the uncanny resemblance of this mummy to the descendents of Ramesses I, which, luckily, are among the most well preserved of the mummies that survive from the New Kingdom. Though this evidence is more anecdotal than scientific, the resemblance of this mummy to the mummies of Seti I (son) and Ramesses II (grandson) is compelling. In particular, the noses of all three kings are especially prominent, with a pronounced bridge. The nose of Ramesse…

Tomb of chief beer-maker discovered in Egypt's Luxor

The tomb of goddess Mut’s head of beer production  Khonso-Im-Heb  was discovered on 3rd of January 2014  in Al-Khokha area on Luxor’s west bank .
A Japanese mission from Waseda University uncovered the tomb of Khonso-Im-Heb, who was the head of beer production for goddess Mut and the head of the galleries during the Ramesside era.


 The discovery occurring during routine cleaning work carried out at the front court of tomb number TT47, which belongs to a top official in the reign of the New Kingdom king Amenhotep III.


 The tomb of Khonso-Im-Heb is T-shaped with two halls and a burial chamber. It is also connected to an unfinished tomb of an as-yet unidentified person called Houn.

 Jiro Kondo, head of the Japanese mission, said that the tomb is well preserved and is fully painted with scenes depicting the tomb’s owner with his family members and in front of different ancient Egyptian deities.



 Scenes of the “Open Mouth” ritual also figures on one of the tomb’s wall while the c…