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Showing posts from September 4, 2011

Pharaoh Akhenaten and Nefertiti. Ancient Egypt

Akhenaten and His beautiful Queen Nefertitti
1369-1332 BC: Amenhotep IV - Akhenaten
The Pharaoh Akhenaten was known as the Heretic King. He was the tenth King of the 18th Dynasty. Egyptologists are still tying to figure out what actually happened during his lifetime as much of the truth was buried, for all time, after he died.
Akhenaten lived at the peak of Egypt's imperial glory. Egypt had never been richer, more powerful, or more secure. Up and down the Nile, workers built hundreds of temples to pay homage to the Gods. They believed that if the Gods were pleased, Egypt would prosper. And so it did.

Akhenaten and his family lived in the great religious center of Thebes, city of the God Amun. There were thousands of priests who served the Gods. Religion was the 'business' of the time, many earning their living connected to the worship of the gods.
All indications are …

Egyptian Industry and Technology Comparison Between Egyptian and Viking Industries and Technology

CriteriaEgyptian Industries Viking Industries ImagesNatural Resources Vast materials and resources were used and exploited by Egyptians, including the use of animal products, building materials, cosmetics, perfumes, fibers and glassProcessing of these raw materials varied over time, and a gradual processes of technological change by the innovations of the Bronze and Iron AgesWith the passage of time, as resources dried up and became scarce, Egyptians were unable to maintain their costly technology, this can be observed clearly by the shift from monumental pyramid construction in the Old Kingdom to the small royal tombs of the Valley of the Kings in the New Kingdom Funerary religious beliefs required the deceased to be buried with their personal belongings in elaborated tombs, thus adding to the burden of unrecyclable resourcesHowever Egyptians obsession with afterlife and monumental tombs, left humanity with a lasting heritage of…

Egyptian Sex and Fertility Comparison between ancient Egyptian and Greek sexual life
Criteria Egyptian Sex and Fertility Ancient Greek Sex ImagesSexual tolerance - Sexual behaviors for both men and women were restricted by social customs and religion, (not by any official law ) - Male sex orientation and activities were liberal for all ages and social classes
- Adultery of married women was considered a very serious crime
- Unmarried women, on the other hand enjoyed full sexual freedom Homosexuality - Homosexuality was regarded a sexual misconduct - In the Book of the Dead people were confronted with their judges in the underworld for this conduct. - Homosexual relationships were prevalent in ancient Greece
- Greek poets wrote of same-sex love and notable philosophers such as Plato and Plutarch discussed the topic.
- Same-sex romantic and sexual attractions were regarded as a matter of taste or preference rather than a moral issue
- The most widespread form of same-sex sexual relations in ancient Greece was between ad…

Comparison Between Egyptian and Greek Civilizations

Criteria Egyptian Civilization Greek Civilization Images government Centralized government dominated by the PharaohMany independent city-states with a lot of different kinds of governmentsTimeline The History of Dynastic Egypt extend through a period of 4000 years, compared to 2000 years of the entire Western civilization, from the Roman Empire till present dayThe pace of development was far less acute than the achievements of the 500 years Greek civilizationAncient Greek civilization lasted from 750 BC (the archaic period) to 146 BC (the Roman conquest) - only 500 yearsInfluence Since Egypt was relatively a closed society, it had limited lasting influence over the rest of the ancient worldFew achievements in science, and technology were carried to other civilizationsIt is generally considered to be the culture which provided the foundation of Western Civilization.Roman Empire - Greek culture had a powe…

Egyptian Perfumes & Oils Comparison Between Egyptian and Modern Perfumes

CriteriaEgyptian Perfumes & Oils Modern Perfumes & Oils ImagesIngredients Natural
- Natural ingredients both homegrown and imported - Punt was the source of aromatic woods and incense
- Most of the ingredients were of plant origin, but the use of animal fats was also known
- Oils included moringa, balanos, castor oil, linseed and sesame. Synthetic
- Perfume is made from about 78% to 95% ethyl alcohol and a remainder of essential oils.
- Synthetic odorants include coal-tar and petroleum distillates
- Chemicals provide fragrances which are not found in nature Manufacture Scents were extracted by steeping lotus flowers or splinters of fragrant wood in oil to obtain essential oil, Addition of other oils or fat The materials were placed in a piece of cloth which was wrung and the fragrance retrieved. Manufacture took place in small workshopsComplicated chemical industry Large scale mass production The precise formulas of commercial perfumes are kept secretReligious Role - Gods wer…

Meideum pyramid story

Meideum Pyramid story and photo tour
The pyramid at Meidum is thought to have been originally built for Huni, the last pharaoh of the Third Dynasty. It was completed and probably usurped by his successor, Sneferu, who also turned it from a step pyramid to a true pyramid by filling in the steps with limestone encasing. The Meidum pyramid was built in different stages, beginning as a seven-step pyramid to which an additional step was added at a later stage. It appears to have collapsed sometime during the New Kingdom. A subsidiary pyramid is located on the south side, between the main pyramid and the enclosure wall, and a memorial temple is on its east side.
Known as "the collapsed pyramid", the outer layers of the casing began to collapse, leaving the exposed core showing. Because of its appearance, it is called el-haram el-kaddab — (Fake Pyramid) in Egyptian Arabic. Some believe it was …

The Pyramids at Dahshur (The Bent and The Red pyramids) a photo tour inside

Photo Tour Inside Dahshure Pyramids when we mention pyramids we always think in the Giza Great Pyramids but in Egypt more than 100 pyramids and here is a photo tour inside 2 of them not less but more impressive than the pyramids of Giza (at least for me)
When you first get to Dahshur, you might be forgiven for not paying much attention to the strange looking hill or heap of rubble shown below.   In fact, however, this is the so-called Black Pyramid of pharoah Amenemhat III who ruled from 1855-1808 BC during the Middle Kingdom period.   Although it might look like a total wreck, the Black Pyramid is one of only three of the original eleven pyramids at Dahshur which are still standing, and the interior passageways and chambers of the Black Pyramid are almost entirely intact.
The background of date palms on the flood plain of the Nile tells part of the reason why this pyramid collap…