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Showing posts from September 25, 2013

The Hyksos Invasion

Around 1720-1710 BCE, Egypt began to be invaded by a people "of obscure race",
who became known as the Hyk-Sos, "shepherd kings".
Some of the Hyksos may have been Hurrian or Hittite, but no firm evidence has been discovered to confirm their origins fully. They were by no means the first Asiatics to settle in Egypt, prompting some to suggest that there was no major battle, just a steady influx of settlers who worked themselves into positions of power while retaining their own cultural differences. Evidence from the excavation at Tell el-Dab'a, confirms that the settlement was constantly evolving and changing as the new cultures adapted to the Egyptian way of life. Settlements discovered in Tell el-Ajjul (southern Palestinian), Ebla (Syrian) and Byblos (Lebanon) share many characteristics with the settlement at Tell el Dab'a.
These Hyksos melted easily into Egyptian society at first; eventually they became very powerful,
and finally, in a coup, th…