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Showing posts from February 8, 2012

Medinet Habu Description of the 18. Dynasty Temple - Barque Shrine

The floor plan above shows the parts of the small temple of Amun which were built during the reign of Hatshepsut (I-----I) or Thutmosis III (I-----I). The red lines in the chapels built by Hatshepsut mark the walls which had been decorated by Hatshepsut - all other parts of the walls were either decorated by Thutmosis III or sketched by Hatshepsut but carved for Thutmosis III.

Above a reconstruction of the small temple of Amun after the temple had been extended by Thutmosis III (Hölscher, 1930)



The barque shrine which was probably built completely by Thutmosis III, was, however, in any case decorated by him. From the building which was begun in the time of Hatshepsut only the base and a few of the lower stone layers have been preserved. Originally, the ceiling of shrine of the 18th Dynasty was on the same level as that of the gallery (ambulatory). If any light whatever admitted except though the doors, it must have entered through openings in the roof.
In the time of Ptolemy VII…

Medinet Habu Description of the 18. Dynasty Temple - Ambulatory

The floor plan above shows the parts of the small temple of Amun which were built during the reign of Hatshepsut (I-----I) or Thutmosis III (I-----I). The red lines in the chapels built by Hatshepsut mark the walls which had been decorated by Hatshepsut - all other parts of the walls were either decorated by Thutmosis III or sketched by Hatshepsut but carved for Thutmosis III.

Above a reconstruction of the small temple of Amun after the temple had been extended by Thutmosis III (Hölscher, 1930)



The today's gallery has a few alterations from later periods. For example, today 4 polygonal columns with a rather strange arrangement are standing in the ambulatory (the left photo below shows the eastern one of two columns on the north side). These polygonal columns were built-in by Achoris (3rd king of the 29th Dynasty), when construction faults in the foundation led to cracks in the barque shrine of Thutmosis III. The columns were taken from the adjacent chapels of the "God&#…

Medinet Habu Description of the 18. Dynasty Temple - Cult Chambers

The floor plan above shows the parts of the small temple of Amun which were built during the reign of Hatshepsut or Thutmosis III. The red lines (I-----I) along the walls of the chapels built by Hatshepsut mark the parts which had been decorated by Hatshepsut - all other parts of the walls (I-----I) were either decorated by Thutmosis III or sketched by Hatshepsut but carved for Thutmosis III (according to Hölscher.

The designation of the inner sanctuaries with capital letters is based on Lepsius and continually used by Hölscher. Lepsius (Denkmäler, Texte III, p 150) assigned the letter L to the 1st central chamber, the adjacent chamber to the north was given the letter M and the room to the south was given the N. He used the same procedure to assign letters to the western row of rooms, respectively: O, P, and Q.

Porter and Moss (P&M II, Plan XLV) employed roman numerals using roman I for the 1st central chamber (L)  then the following numerals were assigned in clockwise…

Al-Ghouri Complex Qubbet Al-Ghouri

Al-Ghouri Complex in Cairo Sultan Qansuh Al-Ghouri was a Mamluk sultan, who had reigned from 1501 to 1516, before dying in a battle against the Ottomans in Aleppo, which resulted in a complete defeat for the Mamluks, due to which they lost their prominence in Egypt.

Al-Ghouri spent a fortune on building his complex in Cairo which dates back to 1503. Although he was renowned for his cruelty and despotism, he was also known for his love of flowers, music, poetry and architecture. His cultural refinement emanates from the different features of the complex.

The construction stands on both sides of Al-Mo'ez Street; the mosque and madrasa stand on the western side, whereas you will find the khanqah, mausoleum and Sabil-Kuttab on the eastern side of the famous street. The mausoleum is however not the final resting place of the Sultan, whose body was never recovered after the Aleppo battle.

The two parts of the complex aren’t adjusted to the street alignment, thus creating…