Skip to main content


Showing posts from January, 2015

The painted Tomb -Chapel of Nebamun Masterpiece of the ancient egyptian art in the British museum

Today I received an interesting book from an English friend about
The painted Tomb -Chapel of Nebamun . Masterpiece of the ancient egyptian art in the British museum
the book is written by Richard Parkinson
 Richard Parkinson discusses the history of paintings from the ancient to the modern times .with a detailed description of these fragments from the tomb .

the tomb was found in 1820 by Giovanni d’Athanasi . and quickly removed various scenes from the mud-plaster walls. Eleven of these were acquired by the British Museum, and have become some of the most familiar works of Egyptian art The tomb-chapel was in the northern part of the Theban necropolis, but the precise location remains unknown. Various strands of evidence suggest that it was probably in the area of the current Spanish–Egyptian excavations at Dra Abu el-Naga. The tomb commemorated Nebamun, a grain accountant of the Temple of Amun, who probably worked late in the reign of Amenho…

Party like an Ancient Egyptian

Follow my blog with Bloglovin

Most of the Egyptian elites party through festivals. When they throw a party bash, everyone invited can eat meat and drink beer at their hearts content! They can also savor pastries flavored with honey and ancient fruit cakes. Yummy!

The nobles also hire dancers and musicians to make the party much more fun! Egyptian dancing shows more skin than most of us think. Wanna know why? Egyptian dancers do the erotic dances while naked! Talk about the bars on present day!
Musicians also play various instruments such as flutes, lutes and harps. You don't have to look far to imagine how they looked like. Much like music bands today, they consist of males and females minus the singer. Obviously, musicians seemed dull, unlike the exciting female dancers!

Servants act like customer service professionals in a party. They keep the guests well fed and taken care of much like their bosses. As a warm treatment to the guests, they place perfume cones in the…

Baboons or Police Dogs

According to ancient records, baboons were kept as "police dogs" by authorities, led on leashes and used to help catch suspects. On an Old Kingdom tomb a police baboon is shown helping to arrest a fleeing thief in the village market by seizing his leg.

 Baboons were very popular in ancient Egypt, and were sometimes kept as pets.It was only the gentle female baboons that were kept as pets, as male baboons are notoriously aggressive and bad-tempered (in fact, the image of a male baboon with a raised tail serves as the hieroglyph for “enraged.”)
 It was thought that baboons were the first creatures to pay proper religious observances.There was a belief that the most learned Egyptian priests understood the secret language of baboons

Thought by the Egyptians to be both a lunar and a solar animal, it was observed that baboons “sang” to the moon at night, and taken as a sign of worship. The Egyptians also observed baboons barking at the rising sun, which gave rise to a favorite t…

The silence of the heron

In ancient Egypt, for example, the Bennu bird –– a mythical phoenix, the ba (manifestation or soul) of Re (the sun god) and a symbol of regeneration –– was sometimes portrayed as a heron. Not only was the heron a symbol of the rising sun, but it also represented life’s renewal on account of its habit of flying away from the rising water over neighbouring fields at the time of the Nile’s annual, ground-fertilising inundation. 

In Christian tradition, the heron may represent Christ, for it preys on eels and snakes, serpentine symbols of Satan. Its probing beak has furthermore prompted comparisons with the search for hidden knowledge, and consequently with wisdom (or, less grandly, with nosiness).

War Scenes of Ramesses II

A sketch of one of the name rings with the palimpsest of the "Battle of Kadesh" narrative underneath. Unscrambling these two sets of inscriptions is a difficult task. Note the "spikes" on the oval representing crenellations or towers of a fortress.

War Scenes of Ramesses II

(Left) photo of a palimpsest showing an Egyptian soldier slaying a Hittite prisoner from the Battle of Kadesh narrative. Superimposed over this image are the legs of the god Amun seated on a throne. Wavy lines behind his feet represent the Orontes river from the Battle of Kadesh. (Right) a drawing of the palimpsest

karnak temple

Shasu bedouin try to flee Seti's attack by running toward the town of Canaan on a hill. At the top, two men break their weapons as a sign of surrender. a third man waves his arms in submission.

karnak temple

There are scenes devoted to the presentation of booty and prisoners to the god Amen-Re. The caption over one reads:
"Presentation of tribute by His Majesty to his father Amen...consisting of silver, gold, lapis-lazuli, turquoise, red jasper and every sort of precious stone. The chiefs of the hill countries are in his grasp to fill the workshops of his father Amen."
The hieroglyphic texts also record speeches by the god praising the king for his actions and gifts:
"Welcome in peace. I make you victorious over every foreign land and set fear of you in the heart of the Nine Bows (= all foreign countries). Their chiefs c…

Karnak Temple -War Scenes of Seti I

Returning from his "first campaign of victory," Seti I marches prisoners to the Egyptian border fortress at the town of Tcharu (Tell Hebua). A canal filled with crocodiles divides the two sides of Tcharu. Egyptian archaeologists have discovered both of the Tcharu fortress complexes during recent excavations.

Karnak Temple -War Scenes of Seti I

During a stop in Lebanon, Seti I forces the chiefs of Lebanon to cut down cedar trees.

Karnak Temple -War Scenes of Seti I

the original painting had been effaced and that s what we call a A palimpsest relief in which a figure of the military officer Mehy was replaced with an image of Crown Prince Ramesses, the future Ramesses II.

Texts identify this person as none other than Crown Prince Ramesses! But even the casual observer will note that something strange is going on in these reliefs. There is clearly another figure with a different name over which Ramesses II later carved his own name and image.
For decades, it was thought that this shadowy figure was a disgraced or even a murdered elder brother of Ramesses.but the truth is. The man was a military officer named Mehy. Mehy was only a mid-level officer, but he bore high honorific ti…

the original plan of the tomb of Ramses IV

This fragmentary papyrus was first described by Lepsius. It depicts the ground plan of the rock tomb of Ramses IV, gives measurements of the various rooms and hints at the surrounding mountains (which in reality are white limestone). The rightmost part of the papyrus showing the entrance has been lost, as has the bottom half, but assuming a symmetrical outlay of the tomb the missing parts can easily be filled in.
    The scribe used the traditional Egyptian way of including in the drawing all the aspects thought to be of importance, changing points of view: the double-winged doors and seem No true scale is used: The drawing of rooms and niches etc is approximate, giving an idea of their relationships rather than their dimensions.

New discovery Tomb of Osiris, God of the Dead in Luxor- Egypt

A Spanish-Italian archaeological team, in cooperation with the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities, has made an incredible discovery in the necropolis of Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, on the West Bank at Thebes, Egypt – an enormous ancient reproduction of the mythical Tomb of Osiris as described by Egyptian legend, complete with multiple shafts and chambers. Inside the tomb complex, researchers found a carving of Osiris and a room with a wall relief depicting a demon holding knives.
According to the Spanish news agency EFE, the tomb embodies all the features of the tomb of Osiris, as told in ancient Egyptian legends, and is a smaller version of the design of the Osireion, built under Egyptian pharaoh Seti I  in the city of Abydos, Luxor.  Researchers believe the tomb complex dates back to the 25th dynasty (760 - 656 BC) or 26th dynasty (672 - 525 BC), based on a comparison to similar tombs that contain Osirian elements .

 The complex consists of a large hall supported by five pillars. RTVE descr…

New discovery of an Old Kingdom tomb in Abusir for a Queen

4500 years old tomb of unknown Ancient Egyptian Queen discoveredA new discovery of an Old Kingdom tomb in Abusir for a Queen who wasn't known before called "Khentkaus III" during the excavations of the Czech Institute of Egyptology directed by Dr. Miroslav Barta.The mission unearthed 23 limestone pots as well as 4 copper tools as a part of the funerary furniture for the tomb owner. The side rooms of the discovered tomb have inscriptions mention titles of the tomb owner includes "Wife of the King" and "Mother of the King" Dr. Jaromir Krejci,a team member of the Czech Institute of Egyptology mission working on the site said "The title of the Mother of the King discovered in the tomb is of an historical importance." "If we can assume that the Queen was buried during the time of King Nyuserre (2445 B.C-2421 B.C) based on a seal bears his name was found on the tomb so we could say that Khentkaus III is the mother of King Menkauhore who was the…