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Showing posts from October 6, 2010

The Nobel Peace Prize 1978 Anwar al-Sadat, Menachem Begin

The Nobel Peace Prize 1978 was awarded jointly to Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat and Menachem Begin
The award of the Prize to the President of Egypt, Anwar al-Sadat, and the Prime Minister of Israel, Menachem Begin, is moreover historical in the wider sense, in that we only know of one previous peace agreement between Egypt and Israel. This, as Israeli scholars have revealed, took place some 3,000 years ago; it was the peace concluded between King David's son, wise King Solomon, and the Egyptian Pharaoh.

It was in this part of the world that the cradle of our civilisation was to be found, more than 6,000 years ago. Here, communities with a high standard of culture, which were to exercise a profound influence on the development of human society in other parts of the world, grew up and flourished. Today, every single schoolchild knows from his or her history books that it was here that our written history first began; and adherents of three historically related religions - Islam, Judaism and…

President Anwar Sadat's Address to the Israeli Knesset November 20,

November 20, 1977
In the name of God, Mr. Speaker of the Knesset, ladies and gentlemen, allow me first to thank deeply the Speaker of the Knesset for affording me this opportunity to address you....

I come to you today on solid ground to shape a new life and to establish peace. We all love this land, the land of God, we all, Moslems, Christians and Jews, all worship God....

I do not blame all those who received my decision when I announced it to the entire world before the Egyptian People's Assembly. I do not blame all those who received my decision with surprise and even with amazement, some gripped even by violent surprise. Still others interpreted it as political, to camouflage my intentions of launching a new war.

I would go so far as to tell you that one of my aides at the presidential office contacted me at a late hour following my return home from the People's Assembly and sounded worried as he asked me: "Mr. President, what would be our reaction if Israel actually ext…

deception plan & the start of the war

(Egyptian military deception was even more effective. Reports were given instructing cadets in military colleges to resume their courses on October 9, and officers were allowed to go on the pilgrimage to Mecca.On 4 October the Egyptian media reported that 20,000 reservists had been demobilized. Immediately before the assault on the morning of 6 October, the Egyptians deployed special squads of troops along the canal their task was to move about without helmets, weapons or shirts, and to swim, hang out fishing lines and eat oranges.)
At 2.05 hour at noon of the sixth of October, 220 Egyptian air crafts crossed Suez Canal at low height to bombard Israeli targets in Sinai. This strike achieved its target successfully and Egypt lost 11 air crafts only, one of them was for Atef Al Sadat, brother of the late president Anwar Al Sadat.

At the same time, more than 2000 artillery of different types along the front bombarded Israeli points on the eastern front of Suez Canal –Sinai– which con…

Egypt befor the war

Israel realized victory in 5th of June 1967 war, and occupied Egyptian Peninsula of Sinai, the Syrian Golan Heights, and the western Bank of Jordan.

Egypt lost more than 85% of its Air Force in June war.

Absence of a withdrawal plan caused the perishing of men and equipments of the Egyptian army.

9/6/1967, President Gamal Abd Al-Nasser resign.

Demonstration of sympathy by people of Egypt, demanding the president to continue in the government.

Field Marshal Mohamed Fawzi was posted as the general leader of the armed forces instead of Abd Al-Hakeem Amer, and Marshal Abd Al-Moneim Riad as chief of the general staff.

Abd Al-Nasser ask for fully rearmament of the Egyptian army, who lost everything in 1967, from the Soviet Union.

Purchases weapons are concluded by agreements and financial loans, which allow periods up to ten years at rate of interest of 2.5%.

Arrival of Soviet experts for training of Egyptian army on Russian weapons.

Ras Al-Esh Battle on July …

Yom Kippur and The Great Victory of Egypt

Yom Kippur is one of Israel feasts, which is Day of Atonement. Egypt and Syria declared the war against Israel on that day for reasons stated by Mohammed Abd Al-Ghany Al-Gamasy chief of operations of Egyptian Army during the war in his memoirs saying:

( We made a study in the operations organization in the light of the military situation of the enemy and of our forces, the idea of the planned attack operation, the technical specifications of "Suez Canal" in respect of the ebb and tide. We studied all months of the year to choose the best month to thrust the canal in the light of the state of the ebb, tide and the speed of the current and its direction.

The study included also all official holidays in Israel other than Saturday, their weekly holiday, as the enemy forces will be less ready for war. We found that they have eight feasts, three of them in October: Kippur day, Sukkot and Rosh Hashana. Our concern was to know the effect of every holiday on procedures of mobilizati…