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Showing posts from May 26, 2014

philae temple

graffiti tells us  about the sixth year of the French Republic when the French army led by Bonaparte arrived  in Alexandria and then after twenty day defeated the Mamluks in the famose battle Ahram  and then tell us about Gen. Desics commander of the first division in the army of Bonaparte who chased the Mamelukes even beyond the first  cataract in Aswan and until he reached philae and left this graffiti
it  is written on 3 March 1799 and is the seventh year of the French Republic the text show us the name of the French sculptor  who engraved on the walls of the temple and named Kastics

L’AN VI DE LA RÉPUBLIQUE, LE 13 MESSIDOR

UNE ARMÉE FRANÇAISE

COMMANDÉE PAR BONAPARTE

ET DESCENDUE A ALEXANDRIE

L’ARMÉE AYANT MIS, VINGT JOURS APRÈS,

LES MAMELOUCKS EN FUITE AUX PYRAMIDES,

DESAIX, COMMANDANT LE PREMIÈRE DIVISION

LES A POURSUIVIS AU DELA DES CATARACTES

OU IL ARRIVÉ

LE 13 VENTOSE DE L’AN VII

LES GÉNÉRAUX DE BRIGADE

DAVOUST, FRIANT ET BELLIARD,

DONZELOT, CHEF DE L’ÉTAT – MAJOR ;

LATOURN…

philae temple

this graffiti was done  by scientists and the French militarians accompanying General Desaix of the walls of the Temple of Philae.
 the graffiti begins with the letters RF an abbreviation of the French Republic and then AN 7 means the seventh year , and the names of some of the scholars of the French campaign who arrived to philae in 1799 , including Balzac and Costaz
in another graffito Fun fact locate philae lines of latitude and longitude , we note that the calculation of the meridians at this time was calculated dimension for the City of Paris and not to keep away from the suburb of London Greenwich , which has been considered the prime meridian and the standard zero starting in 1883 ,

 at the top of graffiti  two  letters MK and were the first two letters in the names of  the most important generals of the French campaign  Mino and Clipper hunters who succeeded Bonaparte
Clipper  was killed by Suleiman al-Halabi in Cairo , one of Strasbourg in France and secondly Mino , who gave …