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Showing posts from February 18, 2014

.The Ogdoad of Hermopolis

Hermopolis, "the City of Hermes" in Greek, was a major cult centre of the god Thoth, whom the Greeks associated with their god Hermes. The ancient Egyptians knew the city as Khmun, "the City of the Eight".

The Ogdoad was a group of eight deities, four gods and their respective consorts. The gods were all depicted with frog's heads, whilst the goddesses had the heads of serpents. However, in this temple they would all appear to have been created with human heads, of which those of the gods and one goddess are now missing.

Each pair represented the male and female aspects of the four major creative forces. Nun and Nunet represented the primordial waters; Huh and Huhet represented eternity; Kuky and Kukyet represented darkness; and Amun and Amunet represented air, or that which is hidden (this couple are found on the west wall of this room as Nu-Amun and Nuet-Amunet).

In the creation myth, the eight eleme…

room 3 ( the sanctuary of the temple of kasr al aguz

Room 3 - The Sanctuary

This room is in the same size as the previous one: 7.45m  3.55m  and 3.6m high.
The Djhwty-stm epithet , found throughout, must be understood as "Thoth, the setem priest" and not "Thoth, the one who listens".

There are two additional doorways in the room, both at the western (far) end, on the south and north walls. These were cut through after their decoration was complete, as will be seen from the evidence when these walls are examined below. The room was originally enclosed, with the exception of the entry from room 2. Oracular communications could not have been held here because it was not accessible to the public.

This room is distinctly better preserved than the previous one: reliefs and figures were, for the most part, finished. As always, the craftsmen and their privileged employers constructed and decorated this most sacred part of the temple first.

  this area…