Skip to main content

Egyptian Industry and Technology Comparison Between Egyptian and Viking Industries and Technology











Criteria
Egyptian Industries Viking Industries
ImagesEgyptian Sphinx Viking Textiles
Natural Resources
  • Vast materials and resources were used and exploited by Egyptians, including the use of animal products, building materials, cosmetics, perfumes, fibers and glass
  • Processing of these raw materials varied over time, and a gradual processes of technological change by the innovations of the Bronze and Iron Ages
  • With the passage of time, as resources dried up and became scarce, Egyptians were unable to maintain their costly technology, this can be observed clearly by the shift from monumental pyramid construction in the Old Kingdom to the small royal tombs of the Valley of the Kings in the New Kingdom
  • Funerary religious beliefs required the deceased to be buried with their personal belongings in elaborated tombs, thus adding to the burden of unrecyclable resources
  • However Egyptians obsession with afterlife and monumental tombs, left humanity with a lasting heritage of recorded history
  • Viking industry and technology did not rely on the usage of vast natural resources, in fact much of their industry was recyclable
  • The is why the Vikings were successful in invading and settling in many parts of Europe, without the need of finding and exploiting vast resources
  • The deceased were burnt into ashes, and their belongings reused and recycled
  • The overall concept of economic use of natural resources, though successful, left the world with few lasting traces of the Viking culture.

Stones

  • Architects and artists in Egypt shaped many kinds of stones and gems with consummate mastery in architecture and tools
  • Wood was scarce and rarely used
  • Viking used available wood and timber in their domestic building projects and in the manufacture of tools

Glass

  • Considered a costly artificial semi-precious stone, glass was manufactured in state owned factories, and was used by the nobility only
  • Glass was made from melting the raw materials of silica quartz and soda,
  • Glass was used for common drinking vessels, jewelry, enameling and beads. Traces of glass furnaces have been found at England, Denmark and northern Germany.
  • Glass was made by melting down broken glass and then recycling it.

Papyrus

  • The need to record history, led the Egyptians to invent the first paper in history in 3000 BC, and a writing system
  • manufacture of papyrus was a complicated and time consuming process
  • Viking had no interest in recording historical events, thus did not develop a writing system of their own, and made no use of paper

Metallurgy

  • Mines and quarries were entirely monopolies of the State, and their management being entrusted to the highest officials
  • Metallurgical practice were of extreme importance to the State and were carefully guarded from the vulgar
  • Objects of bronze and silver were valued highly as utility objects
  • The production of cast metal objects was a large-scale and important occupation, as is evident from the workshops excavated

Ship Building

  • The Egyptians were the first recorded people to use sails on their ships.
  • As there was very little wood available, most vessels were made of bundled papyrus reeds
  • Wood was the fundamental construction material, it was used from the planks for the hull to the mast and oars.

Hunting and Stockbreeding

  • Hunting was an auxiliary recreational activity
  • Stockbreeding provided for the necessary animal proteins in the Egyptian diet.
  • Hunting was a fundamental contributor to the human food supply, and meat was an important component of the Viking diet

Perfumes

  • the use of Perfumes and the significance they had on the concept of health, beauty and religious rituals
  • The practical Viking culture, which intended to serve a purpose without elaboration, did not develop any luxurious or fragrance Industries

Textiles


Leather

  • Linen light fabric, was appropriate for hot the climate
  • Clothing was not important for surviving in the hot climate, children and servants were fully naked. The Textiles industry was not of a vital importance
  • Leather - Not of major importance in Egypt's hot climate









  • Wool fabric was appropriate for the cold humid climate
  • An advanced textile and Leather industry was essential for surviving the cold weather

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…