Skip to main content

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles-luxor -thebe





Nothing much has survived. On the left is the remains of an area of water surrounding a square-shaped island on which would have taken place the rituals on the mummy. To the right, the area is divided into two sub-registers. Here more detail has survived.

This sketch is a reminder of the image found in tomb TT222, a very damaged and burned tomb dating from the 18th Dynasty but usurped by Heqamaatrenakht - nicknamed Turo - in the 20th Dynasty (probably under Ramesses IV). This character, as well as his sons, were also priests of Montu.

At the top, a funeral barque floats on a pond where lotuses, whose flowers are open or closed, are represented. It is known that this is a way of representing both states of the deceased, life and lethargy. The internal part of the rectangular water area is paler to indicate the slope of the bank of the island, where numerous plants are growing. A small flight of steps, located bottom left, allows visitors to gain a foothold onto the island and to enter inside the building represented by the white walls. There, a sarcophagus has been raised on a small platform. Assisted by Isis, a priest with the shaven skull ("His son, the first prophet of Montu, Lord of Thebes, Panebmontu"), with a white strap across his chest, makes a libation, symbolised by a series of ankh crosses, pours from a vase and flows around the sarcophagus. In front of the priest is a pile of offerings, dominated by a large bouquet. The scene was duplicated to the righT this time with Nephthys, located extreme right, helping the officiant. Between them is a smaller offering scene of an animal.


Already, by the time of Khonsu, the classic representation of the journey to Abydos had passed from fashion. It is possible that the journey in the barque on the pond is a substitute for the navigation of Osiris in his Nechemet (funerary) barque at the time of nocturnal festivals in Abydos. Whilst the rituals accomplished on the central island assimilate the deceased to the great god of death, under the supervision of the two goddesses Isis and Nephthys. In TT222 is also a prayer to Osiris, shows close solidarity with the themes of the receipt of the offerings, of the return to the living, of the walk in the garden and the involvement in the festivals".

To the right of this pond are two scenes (one above the other) with seated characters, to whom a priest dedicates some offerings. Nearly nothing remains in the bottom scene, whilst in the top, the character who receives the offering is identified as "The high-priest of Sobek, Usermontu" and behind him is "His mother, Ruia" and "His sister, Tjesy, the daughter of Ruia".

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…