The ancient Egyptians believed that it was important to record and communicate information about religion and government. Thus, they invented written scripts that could be used to record this information.
The most famous of all ancient Egyptian scripts is hieroglyphic. However, throughout three thousand years of ancient Egyptian civilisation, at least three other scripts were used for different purposes. Using these scripts, scribes were able to preserve the beliefs, history and ideas of ancient Egypt in temple and tomb walls and on papyrus scrolls.
'If you want to be a scribe, you must first learn about the scripts used to record the language of the Egyptian people. Then, you will learn to read and write these scripts. 'A long, long time ago, Thoth, the great god of writing and knowledge brought the gift of Medu Netjer ('God's words') to the land. For hundreds of years this sacred script has been used to record the words and deeds of the pharaohs and the gods and goddesses.'
'If the script was sacred, what did scribes use for writing letters?'.'Some years later, another script was developed so that everyday information could be written down quickly and easily. It was used by scribes working in the temples and palaces who need to keep records and write letters.
'The signs for the new script were based on those of the sacred script. However, they were drawn with fewer lines and decoration. That made it easier and faster to write the signs.'
the hieroglyphic sign same sign in hieratic . . 'Do you see the difference?' he asked
in the reign of Wehemibra (Nekau II), we do not use the hieratic script that much anymore. Our common script is sekh shat, ('writing for documents'). The signs are based on hieratic signs, but they are even simpler. This makes them faster and easier to write.'
'As a scribe given the power and knowledge of writing. First, he must learn the common script of the land so he can perform everyday tasks. After that, if he is lucky and talented, he will also learn the sacred script. Those who learn the sacred script will learn the secrets of the gods and the mysteries of the land.'
the scribes have learned to read and write, they will have many opportunities in the world. Practise their signs well and they will go far.. For many years they must study to be a scribe, practising the signs for hours every day. It was difficult work, and sometimes they hated school. But they worked hard.