Skip to main content

Edfu temple and the Sacred Drama of horus

The sacred drama is to be performed during the ritual celebrations in honor of the Triumph of Horus over Seth
It consists of a prologue, three Acts (three parts), and an epilogue:
The Prologue of the Sacred Drama:
Description of the scene
-Isis wears the Sun-disk Crown with cow’s horns and the hieroglyph of Her name is above it; in Her left hand She holds the Ankh (the symbol of Life).
-Horus wears the “Pschent”, the Double Crown; the God holds an harpoon and a rope in His right hand, and the Ankh in His left.
-Thoth wears an Atef Crown with ram’s horns; the God recites from a papyrus.

-On the barque :
Horus wears the “Pschent” Crown, and with the rope in His left hand and the harpoon in His right hand He spears the hippo/Seth.
Isis wears the Sun-disk Crown with cow’s horns, and in Her left hand She holds the Ankh.
Behind Isis there is a representation of Horus-Khenty-Khety (Horus of Kem-Ur/Athribis, the capital of the X nome of Lower Egypt, the Athribite nome)
-the King wears the Hemhemet Crown (the triple Atef Crown), and with His harpoon He pierces the hipp o/Seth.

The pregnant ones among the hippos will give no birth, not one of their heifers conceives when they heard the tearing noise of Thy spear and the hissing voice of Thy blade, like the thunder in the East of Heaven, like a drum in the hands of a child:
Horus, seize him! Horus, seize him!”


The First “Act” of the Dramatic Ritual is the “Ritual of the Ten Harpoons”.
It consists of five scenes; in each scene Horus and His boat are represented twice together with His Followers, the Harpooners (“Daimones”, “Divine Spirits” of Horus).
The “Ritual of the Ten Harpoons” celebrates the ten victories of Horus against Seth on Earth, in Egypt, from Upper Egypt (the South) to Lower Egypt (the North), and each scene contains two battles: in the first scene Horus fights and triumphs over Seth in the region of Behdet/Apollinopolis Megale, and in the five and last scene the battle and the victory of Horus are located in the Eastern regions of Lower Egypt (near the border with Asia).

On the boat Horus of Mesen, crowned with the “Pschent” snares the hippo/Seth with the rope, and pierces his testicles with the harpoon (the seventh harpoon). The hippo/Seth is lying on his back. Behind Horus there is the lion-headed Harpooner (a “Daimon”, a “Divine Spirit” of Horus) Whose name is “His speech is Fire”, with an harpoon in His right hand and a knife in His left hand.
-Words of Isis
With the harpoon in one hand you grap his hide, and make use of the rope with the other hand: Your spear has bitten his bones, and I see Your blade in his belly!
You Who are in Heaven and on Earth, fear Horus! You Who are in the NetherWorld, do Him reverence!
He has appeared in glory as a Victorious King Who has conquered the Throne of His father!
The right arm of Horus is like that of the young hunters.
Eat the flesh of the foe, drink his blood, and say to Those Who are in the NetherWorld: He is the God of Letopolis/Sekhemti, He Who slays the enemies of His mother Isis.”
In the large ship:
Horus of Behdet, Great God, Lord of Mesen, crowned with the “Pschent”, snares the hippo/Seth with the two ropes in His left hand, and pierces his snout with the harpoon (the “Three-barbed Harpoon”) in His right.
Isis, in the bow of the ship, snares the hippo/Seth with two ropes.
-On the shore (left) facing the ship:
The King crowned with the Hemhemet Crown (the triple Atef Crown) spears the hippo/Seth in the back of the head with the harpoon.
Behind the King there are two running men, each with an harpoon and a large dagger in the hands. They are called “the Royal Children and Crew of Horus, the Harpooners of the Lord of Mesen, the valorous Harpooners of Horus of Behdet, Who thrust to make an end of His enemies”; They are “Daimones”, the Divine Spirits of Horus.
Words of Isis to Her beloved son Horus:
“He cannot escape from Your grasp, my son Horus!
Take the harpoon, Horus, take the harpoon!
I, I am the Lady of the harpoon!
I am the beautiful and perfect Goddess,
and the loud-screamer Seth is under my power!
Appear on the bank! Make shine Your weapon at the back of the beast of prey (Seth)!
Rip open his skin, cut up his ribs!
Come in, people of Horus, and look at Horus the Victorious One!
I do not forget the night in the marshes, in the times of turmoil!
Horus, seize him! Horus, seize him!”
                                                       -ACCLAMATION TO HORUS, CROWNED AND INVESTED WITH THE REGALIA
Horus of Behdet, Lord of Mesen, standing on a podium (land) and crowned with the “Pschent” spears with the harpoon the head of the hippo/Seth.
-In the large ship:
Thoth, crowned with the Atef Crown with ram’s horns, holds in His left hand the Ankh and a papyrus roll; His right hand is uplifted towards Horus, as a sign of blessing and protection.
Horus of Behdet, crowned with the “Pschent”, holds the sceptre and the flail, the royal insignia.
-On the shore (left) facing the ship:
The Queen, standing on a podium, wears the Cow Horns Crown with two feathers, and rattles a pair of sistra in Her hands.
Behind the Queen there are six women chanting and beating drums in honor of Horus:
the first three in the upper line are the Upper-Egyptian Royal Princesses and the Women of Buto; the three Women in the lower line are the Lower-Egyptian Royal Princesses and the Women of Busiris.

Description of the scene (from right to left):
Isis wears the Sun-disk Crown with cow’s horns and the hieroglyph of Her name is above it; in Her left hand She holds the Ankh,and with Her right hand the Goddess supports the upraised left arm of Horus.
Horus of Behdet, Lord of Mesen, crowned with the “Pschent”, stands on the back of the hippo/Seth, spearing his forehead with the harpoon.
Facing Isis and Horus there are nine Divinities with a sceptre in Their left hands and the Ankh in Their right (Osiris Onnophris holds the sceptre and the flail, the royal insignia).
In front of each God there is an altar with the portion of the dismembered body of Seth assigned by Horus to the Gods “as a meat-offering” following the instructions of Isis.
The four Gods of the lower register, from right to left are:
Osiris Onnophris the Triumphant
The five Gods of the upper register, from right to left are:

Description of the scene (from left to right):
-The King, crowned with the Khepresh, the Blue Crown of War, pours grain from a cup into the open beak of a goose.

-“The Chief Lector, Scribe of the Sacred Books, Imhotep the Great, son of Ptah” wears a leopard skin and recites from a papyrus.
-A man, called “the Butcher of the Majesty of Ra who cuts the hippo” with a knife dismembers the body of the hippo/Seth.


  1. like the thunder in the East of Heaven, like a drum in the hands of a child:


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…