The village of Elkab is located 80 km south of Luxor and 15 km north of Edfū on the east bank of the Nile. There, at the mouth of Wadi Hilal, was the ancient city of "Nekheb" one of the oldest settlements of Upper Egypt. Its massive mud-brick walls, dating to the Late Period (747 - 332 BC) are still largely preserved. The main temple was dedicated to the Vulture Goddess Nekhbet who was the patron of Upper Egypt. The temple is heavily destroyed and not accessible but you can visit 3 smaller temples as well as rock-cut tombs of the provincial governors of Elkab. Also well worth seeing are numerous petroglyphs and inscriptions which you can find on your way between the temples on the rock faces. Egyptraveluxe Egyptologist Tour guide will pick you up from your hotel in early morning to avoid the heat
Start walking with your Egyptologist guide in Elkab visit 4 rock-tombs date back to the New Kingdom (18th to 20th dynasty). The colourful
reliefs show scenes of the daily life as well as religious
depictions in the context of the tomb-owner's burial .
Let our Egyptologist guide take you back in time with this leisurely visit to
El kab listen and learn while our historian describes for you in detail the life of the
war lords , the meaning of the Hieroglyphics, the reason the tombs are located here, the role played by the high priest, and much much more.
Next into the impressive Temples of Elkab , there are 3 smaller temples. start visit with the temple which is furthest from the main road:
Temple of Amenhotep III
It is dedicated to the cow-headed goddess Hathor and the vulture goddess Nekhbet and dates back to the 18th Dynasty
, Temple of Setau
The square temple, also called "El-Hammām" and "Chapel of Thot" was built by Setau, Viceroy of Kush, during the reign of Ramesses II
,The Ptolemaic Temple "Hemi-speos,
"Hemi-speos" is the name for a temple which is partially rock cut and partially exposed. The Hemi-speos in Elkab was already built during the reign of Ramesses II but early destroyed and only then new built during the reign of Ptolemaios VIII and IX. It is dedicated to the Lion Goddess Seshmetet. A 15 m long stairway leads to the terrace, the courtyard, and the rock-cut sanctuary. .
On your way back to Luxor stop at ElMoalla to visit the tomb
of Ankhtifi who was one time governor of the area between Edfu and Armant. He was a very important man in his time and noted for feeding the people in neighbouring areas during a time of famine. The tomb is of slightly irregular shape and cut directly into the rock, shaped to fit in with the harder veins in the rock strata. On entry there is a rectangular chamber that originally had 30 pillars in three rows of 10, some round and others hexagonal in form. Most pillars are decorated with fine plasterwork and those pillars near the doors carry the best examples of coloured hieroglyphs. An amusing scene on the wall immediately to the right of the entrance door shows a huge fish being caught by spear, and there is a small picture of the deceased and his beautiful wife in very good condition, about 50 cm sq. Other interesting scenes of daily life include lines of animals carrying food to relieve a local famine and a row of spotted cattle to indicate Ankhtifi’s wealth. The burial chamber lies at a lower level at the rear of the main hall. , Also enjoy privileged, personalized attention from your expert
Egyptologist guide on this special private tour.
Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.
But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary? To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.
One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.
Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…
was a high official who lived during the reign of
Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC
. His tutelary informs us of the many offices he
had held during his life.
Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at
the head of the royal administration of Djoser.
His most spectacular title, however, was that of the
'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not
entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he
was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and
dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians'
and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..
Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…