Skip to main content



Temples and buildings

1: Nectanebo´s Kiosk
3: Temple of Ary-hes-nefer (Hor-Anhur)
4: Chapel of Mandulis
5: Chapel of Imhotep
12: Temple of Horus the Avenger
13: Temple of Augustus
14: Roman Gate
15: Roman Quay
16: Temple of Hathor
17: Trajan's Kiosk
Temple of Isis

2: West and East Colonnades
6: Gate of Ptolemy II
7: Outer Courtyard
8: Mammisi (birth house)
9: Nilometer
10: Temple of Isis
11: Hadrian's Gate

The builders of Philae

Amasis (Ahmose II Khenemibre)
The Twenty-sixth Dynasty may have been the first to build a temple on Philae. Around three hundred decorated blocks from his temple were recovered from the foundations of the Second Pylon and the Hypostyle Hall. The temple was thought to have consisted of three rooms including a small sanctuary. It seems to have been dismantled to make room for a larger structure

Nectanebo I
This Thirtieth Dynasty pharaoh constructed the enclosure walls and a monumental gate. He built a kiosk and began the construction of the Mammissi (the birth house).

Ptolemy II Philadelphius
This Ptolemaic pharaoh contined work on the main temple and the Mammissi.

Ptolemy III Euergetes I
This Ptolemaic pharaoh extended the Mammissi.

Ptolemy V Epiphanes
This Ptolemaic pharaoh built the First Pylon.

Ptolemy VI Philopator
This Ptolemaic pharaoh built the Second Pylon, added the inner court, the hypostyle hall and the Temple of Hathor (to the east of the main temple).

Ptolemy VIII Euergetes III
This Ptolemaic pharaoh extended the birth house, installed two huge obelisks beside the First Pylon and extended the Temple of Hathor.

Ptolemy XII
This Ptolemaic pharaoh decorated the Second Pylon.


Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…