Skip to main content

Sky, earth and water

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner and are all depictions of images associated with the sky and earth.

N1; sky
Phon; Hr(j) or hrw (rare) Det and Log; heaven, Nut
N2; night sky
Det and Log; night, darkness
N3; night sky
Det and Log; night, darkness
N4; rainy sky
Det and Log; dew, rain, rainstorm
N5; palm stalk with a small loaf
Det and Log; sun, time, day, hour, to rise
N6; uraeus (snake) with a sun disc
Det and Log; sun
N7; sun disc on a block
Abbr; the course of a day
N8; sun rays
Det and Log; sunshine, to shine Abbr; "the people of the sun"
N9; new moon
Phon; psD Log; feast of the new moon
N10; new moon
Phon; psD Log; feast of the new moon
N11; crescent moon
Phon Det; aH Log; moon Abbr and Det; month, palm width
N11a; crescent moon and star
Det; month
N12; crescent moon
Det; moon
N13; crescent moon and star
Log; feast of the half moon
N14; star
Phon; sbA, dwA Log; star, Sothis, Sirius, constellation
N15; a star in a circle
Log; afterworld
N16; land
Phon; tA Det and Log; land, earth, eternity
N17; land
Phon; tA Det and Log; land, earth, eternity
N18; island
Det and Log; island, horizon, desert
N19; two islands
Abbr; Harakhte
N20; sliver of land
Phon wDb Det; sandbank
N21; sliver of land
Det; land, shore
N22; outcrop of land
Det; sandbag, land, field
N23; su plant
Det; land, irrigated land
N24; irrigated land
Det and Log; garden nome, nome of Thinis
N25; hills
Det and Log; foreign land, desert, desert land, land of Retjen"
N26; sedge
Phon; Dw Log; mountain
N27; sunrise
Log; horizon
N28; sunrise over a hill
Phon; ha Log; crown, hill of the sunrise
 N29; water
Phon; q Det and Log; hill
N30; hill with shrubs
Det and Log; hill of earth
N31; path with shrubs
Det and Log; path, to climb up, position, here, army Abbr; Horus Phon Det; Hr, wA
N32; lotus root stalk
Phon Det; sjn
N33; grain of sand
Det; sand, grain of metal, mineral, gold, medicine, black eye paint, a small sphere, something dangerous, enemy
N33a; three grains of sand
Det; mineral (plural)
N34; melting pot
Det and Log; copper, bronze, an item made of copper or bronze, a metal mirror
 N35; water
Phon; n
N35a; a bale of flax
Phon; nw Det and Log; water, wave, to drink, to wash
N36; canal
Phon; mr, mj Phon Det; mr Det and Log; canal, to love, Nile, river, lake
N37; a pool
Phon; S Log; pool
N38; pool with embankment
Phon; S Log; pool
N39; pool with water
Phon; S Log; pool
N40; pool with legs
Abbr; go
N41; well
Phon; Hm Phon Det; bjA well, marsh, pool, cow, vagina
N42; well
Phon; Hm Phon Det; bjA well, marsh, pool, cow, vagina


Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).


Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…