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Plants and trees

The hieroglyphs of ancient Egypt are often listed in groups of associated glyphs. The following hieroglyphs have been grouped according to the system established by Sir Alan Gardiner and are all depictions of trees and plants.


M1; tree
M1
Phon jAm (also, less often, jmA and jm) Det; tree, sycamore
M2; plant stalks
M2
Phon Det; js, j Phon; Hn Det; flower, plant
M3; twig
M3
Phon ht Det and Log; wood
M4; palm stalk
M4
Phon Det; rnp Log; year
M5; palm stalk with a small loaf
M5
Phon Det; tr, tj, rj Log; a certain time
M6; palm stalk with the sign for a mouth
M6
Phon Det; tr, tj, rj Log; a certain time
M7; palm stalk with a stool
M7
Phon Det; rnp, only in "to be young" (rnpj) Log; to be young
M8; lotus pool
M8
Phon SA Log; akhet (season)
 M9; lotus flower
M9
Phon; nfr (rare) Det and Log; lotus
M10; lotus bud
M10
Det; lotus bud
M11; lotus bud on a bent stalk
M11
Det and Log; to sacrifice
M12; lotus plant
M12
Phon; hA Abbr; 1,000
M13; cobra sitting on a basket
M13
Phon; wAD, wD Log; papyrus
M14; papyrus plant and snake
M14
Phon; wAD, wD
M15; bunch of papyrus
M15
Det and Log; lower Egypt, papyrus swamp
M16; bunch of papyrus
M16
Phon; HA Det and Log; lower Egypt
M17; reed leaf
M17
Phon; i Log; sedge, reed, I
M17a; two reed leaves
M17a
Phon; y
M18; reed leaf with legs
M18
Log; come
M19 leaf and club tied together
M19
Det and Log; sacrifice
M20; reed swamp
M20
Phon; sm Log; land, meadow
M21; reed swamp and noose
M21
Phon; sm Log; weed, plant
M22 rush leaf
M22
Phon; nhb
M22a ; two rush leaves
M22a
Phon; nn
M23; su plant
M23
Phon; sw Log; su rush, king
M24; su plant and mouth
M24
Phon; rs(w) but only in words denoting "south"
M25; sedge and mouth
M25
Phon; rs(w) but only in words denoting "south"
M26; sedge
M26
Phon; Sma
M27; sedge and arm
M27
Phon; Sma Log; upper Egypt
M28; sedge and animal fetter
M28
Abbr; upper Egypt
M29; sweet pea pod
M29
Phon; nDm
 M30; sweet root
M30
Det and Log; sweet
M31; lotus root stalk
M31
Det; to grow
M32; lotus root stalk
M32
Det; to grow
M33; grains of corn
M33
Det and Log; corn, barley, grain
M34; an ear of emmer
M34
Det and Log; emmer
 M35; heap of corn
M35
Det; heap, pile
M36; a bale of flax
M36
Phon; Dr
M37; a bale of flax
M37
Phon; Dr
M38; a bale of flax
M38
Det; flax, to tie together
M39; basket of fruit
M39
Det; an offering (of fruit, vegetables or plants)
M40; bundle of sedge reeds
M40
Phon; js Log; reed
 M41; fragrant wood
M41
Det; juniper, imported wood
M42; flower
M42
Phon; wn Abbr; eat
M42a; flower
M42a
Phon; wng
M43; grapevine
M43
Det; wine, fig, fruit
M44 Phon; ww
M44
Det; thorn, pointed, acute















































Codes

Abb; the sign is an abbreviation of a word,
Det; the sign acts as a determinative (it has no phonetic value, but provids further information about the full word),
Log; the sign is a logogram (it represents an entire word or idea),
Phon; the sign has a phonetic value, and
Phon Det; the sign is a phonetic determinant (it acts as a determinative but also has a phonetic value).

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