Skip to main content

"Translation of the figures in the Zodiac of Denderah"

we can see in the image the symbols
of the twelve zodiac
, then the planets
(Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn),
the Moon, Sirius, Orion,
the three known constellations
of the north
(Draco, Ursa Minor
and Ursa Major) and
the axis of the temple.
The Duck is seen on a
temple north of Esneh as

similar to the number 36 Decan or the Aquila character between Capricorn and Sagittarius.
The 36 Decans on the Zodiac of Denderah

   I have added the number sequence from 1 to 36 to the image above to show a precise count of the 36 decans.  The 36 characters proceed in a counter-clockwise orientation on the outer edge of the Denderah circle.  These are called decans because in a circle of 360 degrees divided by 36 it equals 10, therefore deca, ten.  As you can see this allows three decans per zodiac sign (every 30 degrees).  E. C. Krupp states that the images around the perimeter are definitely decan stars only nobody knows which ones are which stars.
   Notice that the large disk with the eight symbols inside, has been left out of the decan count, as it is very plain that this symbol is not like any of the other 36 characters (figures, animals, statues, etc.).  Some claim it to be Decan stars and therefore it is one of the 36 characters around the circle of the Denderah zodiac, which every ten degrees the stars identified by the glyph is reactive. 
   In the book by Denon "Descriptions de l’Egypte", it states that the symbol and line drawing show that in the circle are eight men on their knees, with their heads chopped off, and their arms tied behind their backs, possibly representing the world of the enemies (as the classic image of foreign enemies) to the Egyptians.   The image to the right is found on the temple north of Esneh Descriptions de l’Egypte,it appears to be different from the eight characters in the large disk of the Zodiac of Denderah.
   The eight captives inside the large disk represent eight (actually 9 but traditionally seen as being 8) that could form the left-hand half of Capricornus.  These figures do stand for the glyphic symbol of enemies or wickedness.      These are Decan stars and the glyphs say Sa-r-a or a-r-sa, the figure to the right is also named sa-r-a (possible an indicator of epithet, title or a piece of time).
   These stars can be easily identified since the experts have identified all the planets elsewhere within the circle. The only major constellation below and between Capricornus and Aquarius is Piscis Austrinus.
   If the Eight figured star is indicative of Fomalhaut, the Egyptian connection is not noticeable for me.
   Piscis Austrinus, The Southern Fish, appears on the Meridian on October 10. It has been occasionally shown as two fish, but it is more commonly seen as a single fish, sometimes drinking from a stream of water poured from the jar held by Aquarius, which lies just north of it. An older, but incorrect, form of its name is Piscis Australis. The Sumerians called this Enki’s Fish.

The Grand Temple of Denderah
The Zodiac of Denderah South View Up

    The image above came from Figure 5c. Description de l'Egypte,Denderah. The red-letter commentary is emphasized by myself to define some of the aspects of the image. The whole point is to propose the concept that the circle with eight figures marks the beginning with Capricorn and continues in a counter-clockwise rotation with the 36 decans and ends at Aquarius.
    To confirm this concept lets continue with other images which are to follow.
    The image below came from "Den_4a.htm" Figure 4a. Description de l'Egypte, Dendera, the first part of a zodiac sculpture from the portico of the grand temple. The image is quite long, scroll to the right to see it if necessary. Notice that it shows in the lower left corner the head of the Egyptian female aspect who transcends across the image in a semi-circular concept.

   The following shows the above image left side only enlarged to better view the details. As you can see it begins with:




   Now for the right side of the image ...

Libra (Scales)


Leo and Coma Berenices

    The next image came from "Den_4b.htm" Figure 4b. Description de l'Egypte, vol. IV, pl. 20, Dendera, the second part of a zodiac sculpture from the portico of the grand temple. Scroll to the right to see its entirety also. Notice that it shows in the lower right corner the head of the Egyptian male aspect who transcends across the image in a semi-circular concept.
    If you take the first and second part images and put them together with the heads of the male and female on the same end this closes the images into a circular pattern and mates the sky with the earth.

   The following shows the above image left side only enlarged to better view the details. As you can see it begins with:

Cancer (Scarab Beetle)

Sirius and Orion


   Now for the right side of the image ...

Aries (Ram)

Moon (Luna)





Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…