Skip to main content

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles-luxor -thebe

 1) - Entrance lintel
The decoration is symmetrical from the centre, although the two scenes are slightly different. It is overhung by a large sky sign part of the original blue colour still exists.

The solar god Re-Horakhty is seated, his falcon head surmounted by an enormous solar disk surrounded by a cobra. Behind him is Anubis, whose head has disappeared. The text above them states: "Re-Horakhty, lord of the sky, lord of eternity. Anubis, who is the embalmer, the great god, lord of the Sacred Land". In front of him, Khonsu makes an incensement and libation, accompanied by the text: "Offering all good and pure food to your Ka, 0 living god, for the Ka of the high-priest of Menkheperre, Khonsu". He is followed by "The mistress of the house, the chantress of Amon, Maia, justified" who waves a Hathoric sistrum. At her side is a small daughter. Finally, At the rear is "His son, the second priest of Menkheperre, Khaemwaset".

This time the seated god is: "Osiris, who is at the head of the Westerners, the great god, lord of the sky". The goddess who watches over him is: "Isis, mistress of the sky, ruler of all things for eternity". She wears on her head a mortar on which has been placed two lyriform horns framing a solar disk. At the front of her head is a uraeus.
Khonsu stands in front of the gods, to whom he offers an incensement, accompanied (above him) by the text: "Praise to your Ka, Osiris-Unnefer, prince [of eternity] for the Ka of the great priest of Menkheperre, Khonsu". Behind him again stands a woman and a young man, but the accompanying text has been modified, which has resulted in the disappearance of her name. This was probably his mother Tauseret, followed by "the overseer of the horses of the lord of the two lands, Usermont".

As can be seen in the image opposite, the design is perfectly symmetrical. The motif is formed of white squares (the white has yellowed with age) delimited by red lines, with a motif formed of blue clusters of grapes alternating with vine shoots represented by red lines. The design area is surrounded by a thick yellow band with a white edging and a red line

 3) - Passage north wall 

Here, only a small upper portion has survived a small section of the frieze (right side of  as well as some columns of text: "... His son, [the high-priest of] Sobk, Usermontu. His mother, the greatly praised of the lord of eternity, the chantress of Montu, [Ruia]".

 4) - Passage south wall 

All that survives here are the feet of a priest followed by those of a woman and a man; they face outwards. Davies found fragments which appear to have belonged here, of an important scene, because it contains the name and titles of a vizier: "... high-priest of Ma'at and mayor ..." to which should be joined certain fragments a tall representation wearing the characteristic dress of the office, including a baton ). Considering what has already been seen, this choice location cannot be occupied by anyone else other than the famous ancestor, vizier Usermontu. Some fragments of original titles can also be read: "... divine father, beloved of the god, who [is informed] of the secrets...".

When standing in this passageway, it is very apparent that the longitudinal chamber, which will next be entered, is almost empty of decoration. Originally it is apparent that the walls were fully decorated but now include only a few fragments, however, the ceiling decoration has survived.


Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…