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Showing posts from January, 2017

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles-luxor -thebe


This chamber is approximately 3.8m in length, 1.6m wide at the entry (east) end and 1.7m wide at the west end. The height at entry end it is approximately 1.7m and 2.0m at west end. It has a slightly upcurved ceiling.

 The ceiling 

In contrast with the now almost naked walls, this is preserved entirely  It is slightly arched and divided into two rectangular areas by a central yellow band and also surrounded, at the edges, by two bands, one south and one north, extending to where they join the central band at the two doorways. All the bands have black texts

 towards the entrance, thus the texts all start at the east end.
Text 1 (south side):"An invocatory offering to Osiris-Khentymentiu, the great god, lord of the Sacred Land; (to) Ptah-Sokar in the secret shrine; (to) Resh-Wedja in front of Rostaw (the nickname of Osiris: the awakened unscathed, W√∂rterbuch 2, p.451, note 13); (to) Anubis, in front of the divine pavilion; to Nefertum; (to) Horus-H…

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles-luxor -thebe

 1) - Entrance lintel
The decoration is symmetrical from the centre, although the two scenes are slightly different. It is overhung by a large sky sign part of the original blue colour still exists.

The solar god Re-Horakhty is seated, his falcon head surmounted by an enormous solar disk surrounded by a cobra. Behind him is Anubis, whose head has disappeared. The text above them states: "Re-Horakhty, lord of the sky, lord of eternity. Anubis, who is the embalmer, the great god, lord of the Sacred Land". In front of him, Khonsu makes an incensement and libation, accompanied by the text: "Offering all good and pure food to your Ka, 0 living god, for the Ka of the high-priest of Menkheperre, Khonsu". He is followed by "The mistress of the house, the chantress of Amon, Maia, justified" who waves a Hathoric sistrum. At her side is a small daughter. Finally, At the rear is "His son, the second priest of Menkheperre, Khaemwaset".

This time the seate…

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles-luxor -thebe

East wall

Under the top frieze are two registers. The upper register has a depiction of the divine judgement hall, with the very classic scene of the weighing of the heart in front of the courthouse of the gods. The bottom register shows the very classic scene of the opening of the mouth, which takes place in front of the entry of the tomb. There is no middle frieze.

This motif occurs elsewhere, with Anubis, in the shape of a canine reclining on the roof of a chapel. On this wall he faces right, towards the entrance. He wears, as usual, a ribbon around his neck and a whip which extends from the middle of his back. Between each chapel are again two khakeru, the ancient plant motif, surmounted here by a solar disk.

 2) - Upper register: weighing of the heart 

a) - The courthouse and the balance

At the top, to the right, sit thirteen judges with Re at the head. Behind him sit Atum, Shu and Tefnut, Mont and Tjenenet, the next two are doubtful, then Osiris, Horus-son-of-Isis, Isis…

TT31, the tomb of Khonsu , also called To (or Ta) .in the valley of the nobles-luxor -thebe

North wall

This is divided in two registers, the upper being the larger, each dedicated to one of the activities of Khonsu. At the top, Khonsu is in the setting of his journey to the temple of Thutmosis III, whilst below, he is in his function of livestock supervisor in the temple of Thutmosis IV.
A large "sky" hieroglyph separates the upper register from the frieze. The frieze is damaged at its upper level, but what remains still retains much of its colour. The design content is the same as that of the south wall

Once again this contains a main transport vessel (on the right), but this time it is towed by only one other vessel (on the left).

a) - The barques

This is very similar to that of Montu on the south wall. However, here the barques float on a canal of the Nile, which ends in a "T" shaped landing stage at the door of the temple, which is represented by the two white pillars of entry pylon, whose summits bear the name of Thutmosis III. In the mi…