Skip to main content

Ancient Egyptian Festival Calendar: Akhet

Akhet


hieroglyphs; Akhet The first season of the ancient Egyptian calendar was Akhet (appearance). This was the season in which the inundation occurred, and so it was dedicated to Hapi. it was hoped that he would ensure that the flood was not too low (resulting in a poor harvest) or too high (resulting in the destruction of mud-brick houses and paths built near to the Nile).
The inundation was also associated with the star Sirius because the star re-appeared (after a seventy day absence) at the new year heralding the flood. The star was associated with Sopdet (Sothis), Satet (Satis) and Isis .
The inundation was a quiet time for farmers as the fields were largely submerged. To earn tax relief (tax was a proportion of the food they produced) they could take on other jobs for the state. For example, during the Old Kingdom farmers could help with the construction of monuments such as the pyramids in return for living expenses and a tax rebate.



1; Tekh (Thoth, Thuti, Thout, Djwhty)

month; tekt, Thoth

Day Festival
1 wp rnpt- New Year (lit. opening of the year)
2 HAt rnpt- "front of the year"
3 ihhy -"jubilation"
10procession of Isis (Late Period)
15Hapi and Amun
17-18 Wagy or Wag
19 Wag and Thoth. festival
20 Tekh (drunkenness)
22 Great Procession of Osiris.
30 Osiris and Ennead

2; Menhet (Phaophi, Baba)

month; Phaophi

Day Festival
4 hnp Sa - pouring the sand'
5 mnht ha-hpr-ra - "cloth of Khakheperra (Senusret II)'"
and festival of Osiris and Ennead
15 or19 Ipet (Opet)festival (11 to 27 day festival of Amun
18 festival of Khnum and Anuket in Elephantine
27 2 day festival of Montu in Thebes
28 festival of Satet and Anuket in Elephantine


3; Hwt-Hru (hathor, Athyr)

month; Athyr

Day Festival
6 ht hAwy m Ssp itrw "evening offering in taking the river"
feast of Isis(Late Period)
7 Ssp itrw 'taking the river'
8 Abd 'month'
9 festival of Amun
15Fertility festival of Min
17 the lamentations of Isis and Nephthys (New Kingdom)
21Feast day of Ma ´at
30festival of Anuket in Elephantine





4; Ka-Hr-Ka (Nehebkau, Khoiak)

month; Khoiak

Day Festival
1 hnt Hwt-Hr - sailing of Hathor.
11 Hb skr -Sokar
18start of the Khoiak festival (Osiris)
22 Khoiak; Ploughing the Earth
26Khoiak; Sokar
30 Khoiak; raising the Djed pillar















Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…