Skip to main content

Egyptian Perfumes & Oils Comparison Between Egyptian and Modern Perfumes



CriteriaEgyptian Perfumes & Oils Modern Perfumes & Oils
ImagesEgyptian perfume Modern Perfume
Ingredients Natural
- Natural ingredients both homegrown and imported - Punt was the source of aromatic woods and incense
- Most of the ingredients were of plant origin, but the use of animal fats was also known
- Oils included moringa, balanos, castor oil, linseed and sesame.
Synthetic
- Perfume is made from about 78% to 95% ethyl alcohol and a remainder of essential oils.
- Synthetic odorants include coal-tar and petroleum distillates
- Chemicals provide fragrances which are not found in nature
Manufacture
  1. Scents were extracted by steeping lotus flowers or splinters of fragrant wood in oil to obtain essential oil,
  2. Addition of other oils or fat
  3. The materials were placed in a piece of cloth which was wrung and the fragrance retrieved.
  4. Manufacture took place in small workshops
  1. Complicated chemical industry
  2. Large scale mass production
  3. The precise formulas of commercial perfumes are kept secret
Religious Role - Gods were associated with fragrant smells
- The blue lotus was the emblem of the god Nefertem; 'The Lord of Perfume'.
- Secular role
Olfactive families - Floral: Fragrances that are dominated by the scent of lotus flowers
- Woody: Fragrances that are dominated by woody cedar scents imported from Lebanon.
- Floral Bouquet: Containing the combination of several flowers in a scent.
- Oceanic: A new category in perfumes
- Citrus: Refreshment eau de colognes with low tenacity of citrus scents.
- Gourmand: Contain edible scents like vanilla and other synthetic components designed to resemble food flavors.
Applications Religious uses
- Oils were used for mummification - bodies were anointed with perfume to bestow life upon them
- Ointments for the unction of gods statues
- Elite society used perfumes on occasions and parties - wall paintings depict people sniffing lotus flowers.
Perfume for the Masses
- Widely used by working classes to give the human body and living spaces a pleasant smell.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

How ancient Egyptians Were cutting the Obelisk from the Granite quarry?

Today, quarrymen cut and carve granite using saws with diamond-edged blades and steel chisels.

But ancient Egyptian quarrymen and stonemasons didn't have these modern tools. How, then, did they quarry and cut such clean lines in their obelisks and other monumental statuary?
To find out how ancient Egyptians quarried huge pieces of granite for their obelisks, i traveled to an ancient quarry in Aswan, located 500 miles south of Cairo. This is where the ancient Egyptians found many of the huge granite stones they used for their monuments and statues.

One of the most famous stones left behind is the Unfinished Obelisk, more than twice the size of any known obelisk ever raised. Quarrymen apparently abandoned the obelisk when fractures appeared in its sides. However, the stone, still attached to bedrock, gives important clues to how the ancients quarried granite.

Archeologist Mark Lehner, a key member of nova expedition, crouches in a granite trench that abuts one side of…

Hesi-re, the first Dentist, in ancient Egypt and in the world

Hesire was a high official who lived during the reign of Netjerikhet (Dosjer) 2686 BC to 2613 BC . His tutelary informs us of the many offices he had held during his life. Thus he was the 'overseer of the royal scribes', at the head of the royal administration of Djoser. His most spectacular title, however, was that of the 'greatest (or chief ?)of physicians and dentists'. It is not entirely clear whether this title infers that Hesire himself was honored as the greatest of physicians and dentists, or rather that he was merely responsible for the administration of physicians and dentists. But whatever the case, the distinction between 'physicians' and 'dentists' in his tutelary does show a high degree of medical specialization at this early stage of the history of Ancient Egypt..

Das Tal der Koenige

Die geographische Lage
Das Gebiet bei Theben lieferte ein vorzügliches Gebiet für das Anlegen einer königlichen Nekropole. Vom Westufer des Nils erstreckt sich eine flache Ebene zu einer Bergkette mit zahlreichen abgeschiedenen Tälern, die sich zwischen hohen Klippen und weichem Gestein durchschlängeln. Die Ebene eignete sich ideal für das Errichten der königlichen Totentempel. Die Täler hingegen boten genügend Platz, um viele kunstvoll in den Fels gehauene Gräber anzulegen. Auch aus symbolischen Gründen wählten die Alten Ägypter diesen Platz für das Errichten einer Nekropole. Blickt man von der Stadt Theben über den Nil auf das thebanische Bergmassiv, dann ähnelt es in der Gestalt einer riesigen Version der Hieroglyphe für "Horizont". Es ist das ägyptische Symbol für das Gebiet der auf- und untergehenden Sonne. Im Neuen…